Its name is given by Miguel Méndez , who discovered the deposit near the village of Los Chupaderos in dominican Republic in 1974, he associates the beginning of the name of his daughter "Larissa" and "mar" which means in Spanish "the sea" because of the color of the stone. The Larimar is a pectolytic very rare of blue color to green that is found only in the dominican Republic. The quality of the larimar is graded according to the staining of the stone : the more the blue is deep and translucent, the more it is sought. The red coloration indicates the presence of iron.
The larimar is formed in the basalt and theandesite volcanic, this pectolytic single color is formed within volcanic vents where the materials incandescent pushed by the gas to allow the rare natural combination of sillicates of calcium and sodium with silicon and oxygen. The only operating world of larimar in the dominican Republic depends on the location of the chimneys and the extraction is done more deeply in the ancient volcano, the supply is random and the quality of the most colorful is expensive and rare.
This pectolytic is photosensitive and loses therefore its blue coloration over time, it is advisable to keep the stone in theshelter of the light.
At the beginning of the Twentieth century, a priest of the parish of Barahona, Miguel Domingo Fuertes de Loren application to the department of the dominican Republic the permission ofexploit a mine he has discovered, and which contains a rock blue. It is necessary to wait until 1974 for an inhabitant of the village of The Chupaderos located a dozen of kilometres of Barahoma named Miguel Méndez helped Norman Rilling, a member of the "Peace corps of the united states" found in the deposit of larimar. Notice that some gravel light blue color on the beach and on the banks of the river Bahoruco, which empties into the Caribbean sea. They go up the river ten kilometers, and discover the vein of blue stone along a mountain. L'operation by minor local working with archaic means began in 1976, it is then mechanized by the state, a dominican republic, larimar is classified as fine stone in 1979 and the international confederation of jewellery, jewelery and goldsmiths diamonds, pearls and precious stones prohibited by the local appellation of turquoise of the bahamas or turquoise dominican.
1/Pieces, raw larimar cut in order to appreciate the quality. 2/Coast to Barahona in the dominican Republic. 3/Detail of a larimar quality, translucent and intense color.