The charoite is pronounced "tcharoïte", it owes its name to the river Shara, a tributary of the Oliomka, a tributary of the Lena, in the Republic of Sakha although the banks closest to the river Chara are located approximately 70 km from the mine, either because of the impression that the stone gives : "Chary" in Russian means charming or magical.
The charoite rock is silicate of potassium, calcium, and sodium, consisting of many different minerals (aluminum, iron, manganese, etc.).
Sought after for its varieties of purple, lavender, clear, violet and lilac to dark purple with black designs swirling or stellate (Augite), transparent crystals (microcline feldspar) and clouds tinted orange (Tinaksite).
The charoite was discovered in the 40s during the construction of the railway to the trans-siberian railway through the mountains Murum in Yakutia, it is described by the mineralogist Russian Yuri G. Rogov in 1978.
The charoite is a stone the more rare of the planet, the deposit of the Sirenevyi Kamen, operated for less than 30 years, is the only place in the world where this rock is found. The region in which charoite is extracted is difficult to reach because it is located in the frozen wilderness of central Siberia in Russia.
1/Charoite detail. 2/Massif, Murun, Republic of Sakha, Russia. 3/Charoite and Canasite - white in colour, creamy, Russia.